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Mahmoud et al  

Full Length Research Paper

Toxicological Assessment of Cucumber Fruits Safety Infected with White Mold Disease in Rat Animal Feeding Model

Yehia A.-G. Mahmoud1*, Abdel Wahab Ismail2, Elham El-Rafai1, Manal Hanafy1, and Mohamed Moustafa2


1Botany Department and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta 31527, Egypt.
2Integrated Control Department, Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Cairo, Egypt.

Corresponding author email:  Yehiamah@gmail.com; Yehia.mahmoud@science.tanta.edu.eg: Fax: 2040-3350804

Received February 23, 2020; Accepted March 21, 2020


The blood contents of Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) and Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) increased obviously in the case of rat fed with cucumber fruits biologically controlled with two bioagents namely Bacillus subtilis and Trichoderma deliquescen. In contrast, Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Blood Albumin and Total protein contents decreases as a result of rat fed on meal containing cucumber fruits treated with any of the two bioagents B. subtilis or T. deliquescens. This decrease was more obvious in the case of B. subtilis. Fruits treated with T. deliquescens, resulted in lower cholesterol level in the rats blood, this decrease was proportional to the concentration of treated fruits in a meal. For red blood cells (RBC’s) and total platelet count (PLT), hemoglobin (HGB), Hematocrit (HCT) and total platelet count (PLT) there was decreased in the blood of the rats fed on meal containing fruits treated with T. deliquescens or B. subtilis. However, the white blood cell count (WBCs), increases gradually as the concentration of fruits treated with T. deliquescens increases but decreases in the case of B. subtilis.

Keywords: Biological control, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Bacillus subtilis, Trichoderma deliquescen, Liver enzymes.


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