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Hernandez-Villasenor et al  

Full Length Research Paper


Effect of Carbamazepine on the In Vitro Propagation of Zantedeschia aethiopica

 

Hernandez-Villasenor, L.A.1, Reyna-Villela, M.Z.1, Aceves-Villarruel, S.M.1, Salazar-Flores, J.2, Torres-Sánchez, E.D.2, Torres-Jasso J.H3. and Rojas-Bravo, D*.1

 

1Laboratory of Plant Biotechnology, Department of Technological Sciences, University Center of the Cienega, University of Guadalajara, Av. Universidad 1115, Col. Linda Vista, C.P. 47820, Ocotlan, Jalisco, Mexico.
2Department of Medical and Life Sciences, University Center of the Cienega, University of Guadalajara, Av. Universidad 1115, Col. Linda Vista, C.P. 47820, Ocotlan, Jalisco, Mexico.
3Department of Biological Sciences. University Center of the Coast, University of Guadalajara. Av. Universidad de Guadalajara #203, Delegación Ixtapa, C.P. 48280, Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México.

Corresponding author email:  drojas@cuci.udg.mx; Tel: +5213921280990

Received August 15, 2018; Accepted September 4, 2018

ABSTRACT

Zantedeschia aethiopica is a vascular plant recently introduced in bioremediation treatments, which seeks to remove effluent or water bodies contaminants such as heavy metals and emerging contaminants, thus effect of carbamazepine on the in vitro propagation of Zantedeschia aethiopica was evaluated. Among these, the presence of the drug carbamazepine has acquired great importance, because there are no adequate methods to eliminate them. This allows them to move and increase their presence in surface or underground water bodies. Z. aethiopica presents an alternative for the treatment of these waters; however, there is little information about its response to the exposure to these drugs, carbamazepine, an antiepileptic commonly used. The effect of carbamazepine on Z. aethiopica was studied by quantifying three dependent variables: growth, weight and number of buds at three concentrations of carbamazepine (0, 25 and 50 μg/L), while the control group had a concentration of 0 µg/L of carbamazepine. The ANOVA statistical analysis was applied to compare the three groups and later the Tukey test to evaluate paired variation. It was found that the presence of carbamazepine in the test concentrations affects the development of Z. aethiopica in all three variables and in high concentrations it leads to senescence and cell death.


Keywords: Emerging contaminants, Zantedeschia aethiopica, Carbamazepine, In vitro propagation, Bioremediation.

 

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