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INTERNATIONAL INVENTION JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND MEDICAL SCIENCES (IIJMMS)
 
 Other Journals
International Invention Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (IIJMMS)
International Invention Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IIJEST)
International Invention Journal of Food Science and Technology (IIJFST)
International Invention Journal of Art and Social Science (IIJASS)
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Instruction to Authors- IIJMMS  

Instruction to Authors

Kindly read the instruction carefully before submitting your manuscript.

Authorship

Authorship credit should be given to the author who makes the most substantial intellectual contribution, considering however, that all the other authors will have played significant roles in conducting a research work that bears their names. Therefore, the list of authors in an article serves multiple purposes: it indicates who is responsible for the work and to whom questions regarding the work will be addressed. Moreover, authorship credit is often used as a measure of the contributors’ productivity when they are evaluated for employment, promotions, grants, and awards. The authorship criteria must be based on substantial contributions to the concept and design of study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation of data, and final approval of the version of the paper to be published. The cover letter should include the corresponding author's full address and telephone/fax numbers and should be in an e-mail message sent to the editor, with the file, whose name should begin with the first author's surname, as an attachment. The author(s) may also suggest two to five reviewers for the manuscript (IIJMMS) may designate other reviewers).
International Invention Journals will only accept manuscripts submitted as e-mail attachments and online submission.
Article Types
Three types of manuscripts may be submitted:
Research Articles

Research articles should be original works and should address a clearly stated specific hypothesis or question. They should provide novel approaches and new insights into the problem addressed. They should be arranged in the following order: title, authors name and affiliations, abstract, key words, brief introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusion, acknowledgments, abbreviations and references.

Reviews
Review articles are an attempt by one or more authors to sum up the current state of the research on a particular topic. Ideally, the author searches for everything relevant to the topic, and then presents in a coherent view that is state-of-the- art. Review articles should give information about the main researchers who have worked in a field, recent major advances and discoveries, significant gaps in researches, current debates and future directions, all relative to the field.
Short Communications
A Short Communication is suitable for recording the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus. The style of main sections need not conform to that of full-length papers. Short communications are 2 to 4 printed pages (about 6 to 12 manuscript pages) in length, is limited to a maximum of two figures and one table.
Review Process
All manuscripts are reviewed by an editor and members of the editorial board or qualified outside reviewers. Decisions will be made as rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to return reviewers’ comments to authors within 3 weeks. The editorial board will re-review manuscripts that are accepted pending revision. It is the goal of the IIJMMS to publish manuscripts within 4 weeks after submission.
Research Articles
All portions of the manuscript must be typed double-spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page.
The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and e-mail information. Present addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.
The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The abstract should be 100 to 200 words in length. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited.
Following the abstract, about 5 to 10 key words that will provide indexing references should be listed.
A list of non-standard Abbreviations should be added. In general, non-standard abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelt out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text. Only recommended SI units should be used. Authors should use the solidus presentation (mg/ml). Standard abbreviations (such as ATP and DNA) need not be defined.
Introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.
Materials and Methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail.
Results should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the author(s)'s experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the results but should be put into the discussion section.
The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be combined.
The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.
Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the experiments should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph forms or repeated in the text.
Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.
References: In the text, a reference identified by means of an author‘s name should be followed by the date of the reference in parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only the first author‘s name should be mentioned, followed by ’et al‘. In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like ’a‘ and ’b‘ after the date to distinguish the works.
Example:
Atlas (2004), Datta et al., (2008), (Coase, 1988), (Carrera and Bridges, 1992), (Chida, 1998; Alex, 1987a,b; Donta, 1993,1995), (Ehrbeck et al., 2001)

References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order. Articles in preparation or articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list but should only be mentioned in the article text (e.g., A. Kingori, University of Nairobi, Kenya, personal communication). Journal names are abbreviated according to Chemical Abstracts. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references.
Examples:
Gollust SE, Wilfond BS, Hull SC (2003). ‘‘Direct-to-consumer sales of genetic services on the internet’’, J. Medical Genetics, Vol. 5 No. 4, pp. 332-7.
Jain R, Jain S, Dhar U (2007). “CUREL: A Scale for Measuring Customer Relationship Management Effectiveness in Service Sector,” J Services Res., Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 37–58.

Citing References in the Text 
Whenever citing a reference in the text source, it is made with its author’s surname and the year of publication is to be inserted in the text. Choose from the listed below to see examples:  Citing the author in the text, Using direct quotes, Citing works by more than one author,  Citing works by three or more authors, Citing a chapter of section, Citing an organization, Citing works by the same author written in the same year
 
Citing the Author in the Text
CRM is simply the practical application of long standing relationship marketing principles (Gummesson, 2004). If the author’s name occurs naturally in the sentence the year is given in brackets. Gummesson (2004) stated that CRM is simply the practical application of long standing relationship marketing principles.

Using Direct Quotes
If you quote directly from a source, you must insert the author’s name, date of publication and the page number of the quotation. CRM is simply the practical application of long standing relationship marketing principles (Gummesson, 2004).

Citing works by more than one Author
If your source has two authors, you should include both names in the text. Narver and Slater (1990) state that “The idea behind the new model is that superior market performance results from superior skills in understanding the customer.”

Citing works by three or more Authors
If there are three or more authors, you should include the first named author and then add ‘et al.’ in italics followed by a full stop. This is an abbreviation of ‘et alia’ which means ‘and others’ in Latin. On the net it was studied that direct-to-consumer sales on sites opt to overstress benefits in advertisements (Gollust et al., 2003)

Citing Chapter or Section
When referring to a chapter or section which is part of a larger work, you should cite the author of the chapter not the editor of the whole work. The sea level has risen by approximately 10cm in the last 100 years (Mason, 1999)

Citing an Organization
If an organization or company (e.g., Department of Health, Arcadia Group Limited) is named as the author of a work rather than a person, you should cite their names. Make sure that you use the same version of the organizations name in both the Text and List of references (e.g., always use ‘Department of Health’, don’t abbreviate to ‘DoH’).
Spain became a member of the United Nations in 1955 (United Nations, 2000).

Citing Secondary Sources
When citing secondary sources (i.e., an author refers to a work which you have not read) cite the secondary source, but include the name of the author and date of publication of the original source in the text. Only the secondary source should be listed in your List of references. You should only cite secondary sources if you are unable to read the original source yourself. Okonta (1993) notes that Nintendo invested heavily in advertising (cited in Low et al., 2003, p.138).

Proofs and Reprints: Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file.  Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage.  Because the IIJMMS will be published freely online to attract a wide audience), authors will have free electronic access to the full text (in PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.
Copyright: Submission of a manuscript implies; that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.
Fees and Charges: Authors are required to pay a $400 processing fee.  Publication of an article in the IIJMMS is not contingent upon the author's ability to pay the charges. Neither is acceptance to pay the processing fee a guarantee that the paper will be accepted for publication. Authors may still request (in advance) that the editorial office waive some of the processing fee under special circumstances.