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Rahim and Noor    

Full length Research Paper

Testing Lecturers’ Efficacy Beliefs in PBL Measurement Model

Sakhiyyah A. Rahim1, Zainab Mohd Noor2

1IPGK Dato’ Razali Ismail, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
2Faculty of Education, INTEC, University Teknologi Mara, Shah Alam, Selangor

Corresponding Email Address: idrishmnoor@yahoo.com

Received December 7, 2016; Accepted December 21, 2016


Efficacy beliefs is about one's beliefs of his or her capabilities to learn or perform behaviors at designated levels and it affects one’s performance considerably. In measuring lecturers’ efficacy beliefs in the project-based learning (PBL) practice at the Malaysian Teacher Education Institutes, their efficacy beliefs was measured through Lecturers’ Efficacy Beliefs Scale in PBL. This instrument was validated through exploratory factor analysis (EFA). However, the data was further validated through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and the measurement model analysis was run to empirically investigate the construct and the scale. Data were collected through a questionnaire distributed to 327 English language lecturers who were involved in setting PBL. 231 were chosen through simple random sampling method. EFA results generated showed that the efficacy beliefs instrument’s construct validity was achieved through factor analysis which revealed a single factor with eigenvalue of 5.71 accounting for 63.43% of items variance. Factor loading ranged 0.65 to 0.89. Inter-items reliability was established at Cronbach’s alpha of .92. After model modifications, the findings suggest that model for Lecturers’ Efficacy Beliefs in PBL is reliable and valid. Results obtained indicated that the data normality was within the acceptable range (AVE=0.672, CR=0.911) and acceptable fitness indices were recorded: RMSEA (0.95), CFI (.989) and Chisq/df (3.060). The instrument is considered suitable for use among MTEI lecturers especially if the translated version is available. Further research using the translated instrument could improves the generalizability of the instrument.


Keywords: Efficacy beliefs, Project-based Learning, Malaysian Teacher Education Institutes.

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