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Ekah and Ben    

Full length Research Paper

AIDS Security of Vulnerable Population: Implications for Economic Development in Nigeria

James Akpan Ekah1, Victor Effiong Ben2*

1Department of History and International Studies, University of Uyo, Uyo
2Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Uyo, Uyo

Corresponding Email Address: Vikeben4reality2007@yahoo.com

Received January 19, 2017; Accepted February 6, 2017


The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) pathogen that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has been the most destructive emerging infectious virus in recent years. HIV/AIDS has proven to be a social challenge, a political headache, and a scientific mystery. The virus is also a humanitarian catastrophe of incomparable proportions and a critical strategic threat to the achievement of millennium development goals (MDG) particularly those related to poverty reduction, the achievement of universal primary education and improving the health of mothers, among others. The piquant irony is that till date no cure has been found for this pandemic. Given this reality, this paper demonstrates the vulnerability of health security in Nigeria; establishes the linkage between AIDS pandemic and security issues in Nigeria; discusses the relationship between human capital development in Nigeria and prevalence of HIV/AIDS; and examines the problems faced by Nigerians in the fight against this security dilemma. The paper concludes that HIV/AIDS has become a primary threat to the Nigerian State.


Keywords: AIDS, Security, Implications, Development.

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