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Motiee and Sheikhzadeh    

Review

Modern playwrights and Samuel Beckett's Trace of Lost Self in Drama

1. Mohammad Motiee* 2. Ebrahim Sheikhzadeh

1Ph.D. in English Literature, English Department, Tehran Markazi Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2Ph.D. in Linguistics, English Department, Tehran Markazi Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Corresponding Email Address: moh.motiee@gmail.com

Received June 2, 2015; Accepted July 15, 2015

Abstract  

In a depression after the world wars, Samuel Beckett's plays presented a picture of the world fragmented and disrupted. Among other modern literary works, Beckett's path-breaking innovative literature presented the parodies of pointlessness of human actions and thoughts in the world. This new dramatic style catapulted Beckett to the centre stage of modern drama, though it should be mentioned that he may not have been influenced in this without the prevailing climate of ideas. The prevailing literary attitude of Modernism indicates that the modern world is irrational and incoherent. To elucidate this, there is an attempt to pursue the contemplative notion of play writing in modern period from Ibsen to Beckett. In presenting such a literary trend it also needs to follow Beckett's literary approach to modern drama and to show how the author could create the characters stuck in a lifelong suspicious about the Self.

Keywords Modern Drama, Absurdity, the Theatre of the Absurd, Existentialism, Self Searching.

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