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Madubuike

Review

Cultures and Ethnic Identities: The Dilemma in Conceptualising Leadership and Governance in Nigeria

Solomon C. Madubuike, PhD

Department of Sociology, Bowen University Iwo

Corresponding Email Address: solomadubuike@yahoo.com

Received March 23, 2015; Accepted April 30, 2015

Abstract  

This paper examines the ethno-cultural identity consciousness as the dilemma in conceptualizing and actualizing capacity-building in the leadership and good governance in Nigeria. The failure of capacity building in the leadership and good governance in Nigeria has its roots in the amalgamation of 250 ethnic-cultures in 1914, without regard to pre-existing ethno-political structures and leaderships, ethno-religious beliefs and values, languages, and even historic, geographic and demographic variables have created methodological and conceptual crisis in leadership and governance capacity building in Nigeria. This hindsight calls for a paradigm shift among practitioners and researchers in nation-building with reference to a multi ethno-cultural groupings like Nigeria, drawing data from the emerging crises of ethnic identity consciousness, ethnic militancy, and agitation for resource control, and ethno-tribal actualization movements for self-governance in the east, west, north, and south-south geopolitical zones in Nigeria. The paper contends that the logic of these contemporary social movements pose threats to leadership and good governance, specifically, with serious constraint on the unification and transformation agenda of Jonathan administration and future Nigeria. Thus, search for solutions is being increasingly urgent and requires multidimensional approaches to deal with the dilemma.

Keywords: Culture, Ethnic Identity, Leadership, Governance, Capacity building, Development, Dilemma, Nigeria.

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